Canine transcervical insemination: history and technique

  • William Whitler Department of Clinical Sciences, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Keywords: canine, dog, artificial insemination, transcervical, endoscope, history, technique


Artificial insemination in the dog was first described nearly 250 years ago. Until the 1970s, the process remained predominantly in depositing semen in the cranial vagina. Initially, surgery was required to successfully deposit frozen–thawed semen in uterus. However, societal demands to eliminate the need for general anesthesia and surgery for breeding have led to development of reliable and successful transcervical insemination procedures. Common barriers to perform successful transcervical inseminations include equipment expense and developing skills. In addition to practice, adopting suggestions provided by the author will improve practitioner’s success.


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How to Cite
Whitler W. (2023). Canine transcervical insemination: history and technique. Clinical Theriogenology, 15.
Technique Reports